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๐Ÿ”ฐ Role of nutrients and their deficiency Symptoms ๐Ÿ”ฐ

#Nitrogen

โ–ช๏ธImpart green colour to plant encourages vegetative growth

โ–ช๏ธ Nitrogen is essential constituent of protein

โ–ช๏ธ Constituent of Protoplasm of chlorophyll and coenzyme.

โ–ช๏ธ Play important role in
synthesis of auxin

#Deficiency

โ–ช๏ธ Lower leaves become yellow and dries.

โ–ช๏ธV shaped chlorosis on older leaves or yellowing at tip.

#Disease

โ–ช๏ธStarvation disease due to nitrogen deficiency.

โ–ช๏ธButtoning in cauliflower.

#Phosphorous

โ–ช๏ธIncrease the disease resistance.

โ–ช๏ธ Enhance new cell formation and necessary for root development.

โ–ช๏ธRequired for grain formation and maturity of grains.

โ–ช๏ธPhosphorus is essential constituent for nucleic acid and phytin.

โ–ช๏ธMost essential functions are energy storage and transfer energy act as "energy currency".

#Deficiency

โ–ช๏ธDue to deficiency of single element the life cycle of plant can't be completed hence (Agricultureexamslibrary) Phosphorus is called " key of life "

โ–ช๏ธDeficiency imparts dark green colour in leaves.

โ–ช๏ธLater develops red purple colourration.

#Disease

โ–ช๏ธSickle leaf diseases.

#Potassium

โ–ช๏ธMost essential function of K+ is stomata regulation.

โ–ช๏ธProvides disease resistance in plants.

โ–ช๏ธCofactor for enzymes.

โ–ช๏ธFormation and translocation of Sugars.

โ–ช๏ธHelps in chlorophyll formation.

#Deficiency

โ–ช๏ธSpot of dead tissue at tips.

โ–ช๏ธScorching and burning on margins of autumn leaves.

#Disease

โ–ช๏ธRottle/ dieback disease.

#Calcium

โ–ช๏ธ It is constituent of cell wall

โ–ช๏ธ Calcium is a mobile in plants and deficiency symptoms appear on Meristem tip portion.

# Deficiency

โ–ช๏ธ Terminal bud die

#Disease

โ–ช๏ธTip hooking.

โ–ช๏ธ Blossom end rot of tomato(BER).

โ–ช๏ธPopping in groundnut.


#Magnesium

โ–ช๏ธ Essential constituent of chlorophyll.

โ–ช๏ธ Magnesium is a constituent of chlorophyll.

โ–ช๏ธChlorosis between veins.

#Disease

โ–ช๏ธSand -drown disease of tobacco.

#Sulphur

โ–ช๏ธ Sulphur oxidizing Bacteria is Thiobacillus.

โ–ช๏ธSulphur is essential for oil seed and pulses because it improves oil content and protein content in oil seeds and pulses, respectively.

#Disease

โ–ช๏ธAkiochi disease of rice due to Excess of hydrogen sulphide.

โ–ช๏ธTea yellow disease of tea.

#Iron

โ–ช๏ธFe is the component of nitrate reductase.

โ–ช๏ธRequired for nitrogen fixation.

โ–ช๏ธDuring respiration act as O2 carrier.

#Deficiency

โ–ช๏ธInterveinal complete chlorosis.

โ–ช๏ธScorching of leaf margin.

โ–ช๏ธYellowing of iron chlorosis in groundnut.

#Manganese

โ–ช๏ธFormation of chlorophyll.

โ–ช๏ธCo-factor of enzyme.

โ–ช๏ธMn toxicity causes crinckle leaf of cotton.

#Deficiency

โ–ช๏ธDead spot on leaves.

#Desease

โ–ช๏ธMarsh spot of pea.

โ–ช๏ธPahala blight of sugarcane.

#Copper


โ–ช๏ธCompound of plastocyanin.

โ–ชEssential for photosynthesis/ respiration.Agriexams library

โ–ช๏ธDieback and reclamation disease of cereals.

#Boron

โ–ช Necessary for Pollen germination.

โ–ช๏ธBoron is the only non-metal element among the micronutrient.

โ–ช๏ธIt is necessary for translocation of Sugars and is involved in reproduction and germination of pollen.

#Disease : due to deficiency

โ–ช๏ธBrowning of cauliflower is caused by Boron deficiency.

โ–ช๏ธTop sickness of tobacco.

โ–ช๏ธFruit cracking of tomato.

โ–ช๏ธHard fruit of citrus.

โ–ช๏ธHen and chick disease of grape.

#Zinc

โ–ช๏ธIn plants it is required for biosynthesis of hormones.

โ–ช๏ธZn deficiency causes-

-White bud of maize.
-Khaira disease of rice.
-Little leaf of cotton.
-Mottled leaf of citrus.
-Rosette formation.

#Cobalt

โ–ช๏ธIt is component of Vitamin B

โ–ช๏ธIt is essential for formation of type of hemoglobin in N-fixing nodule tissue known as leghaemogloin.

โ–ช๏ธAct as O2 carrier in roots.

โ–ช๏ธAlso known as animal protein factor.

#Molybdenum

โ–ช๏ธMo: absorbed as molybdate MoO4-2 forms.

โ–ช๏ธMo is important component of enzyme: Nitrate reductage.

โ–ช๏ธN-fixation in pulses.

โ–ช๏ธWhiptail of cauliflower is due to deficiency of Mo.

โ–ช๏ธMo is required for carrot & raphanus for sweetness.
08. The given figure shows transport of two molecules A and B through three different modes of facilitated diffusion.
Anonymous Quiz
43%
(1) I- Uniport, II-Symport, III- Antiport
35%
(2) I-Uniport, II-Antiport, III-symport
16%
(3) I-Antiport, II-Uniport, III-symport
7%
(4) I-Antiport, II-Symport, III-Uniport.
09. The ____is the system of adjacent cell walls that is continuous throughout the plant, except at the casparian strips of the endodermis in the roots.
Anonymous Quiz
52%
(1) Apoplast
22%
(2) Symplast
13%
(3) Protoplasm
13%
(4) Plasmodesmata
๐™‹๐™ก๐™ค๐™ž๐™™๐™ฎ ๐™ก๐™š๐™ซ๐™š๐™ก ๐™„๐™ฃ ๐˜ฟ๐™ž๐™›๐™›๐™š๐™ง๐™š๐™ฃ๐™ฉ ๐™‹๐™–๐™ง๐™ฉ๐™จ ๐™Š๐™› ๐™‹๐™ก๐™–๐™ฃ๐™ฉ

๐•Š๐•ก๐• ๐•ฃ๐• ๐•ก๐•™๐•ช๐•ฅ๐•–

๐š‰๐šข๐š๐š˜๐š๐šŽ - 2๐š—
๐™ด๐š–๐š‹๐š›๐šข๐š˜ - 2๐š—
๐š๐šŠ๐š๐š’๐šŒ๐š•๐šŽ - 2๐š—
๐™ฟ๐š•๐šž๐š–๐šž๐š•๐šŽ - 2๐š—
๐™ฒ๐š˜๐š๐šข๐š•๐šŽ๐š๐š˜๐š— - 2๐š—
๐™ฝ๐šž๐šŒ๐šŽ๐š•๐š•๐šž๐šœ - 2๐š—
๐™ธ๐š—๐š๐šŽ๐š๐šž๐š–๐šŽ๐š—๐š - 2๐š—
๐™ผ๐š’๐šŒ๐š›๐š˜๐š™๐šœ๐š™๐š˜๐š›๐šŽ ๐™ผ๐š˜๐š๐š‘๐šŽ๐š› ๐šŒ๐šŽ๐š•๐š• - 2๐š—
๐™ผ๐šŽ๐š๐šŠ๐šœ๐š™๐š˜๐š›๐šŽ ๐™ผ๐š˜๐š๐š‘๐šŽ๐š› ๐™ฒ๐šŽ๐š•๐š• - 2๐š—
๐™พ๐šŸ๐šŠ๐š›๐šข ๐š†๐šŠ๐š•๐š• , ๐™ต๐š›๐šž๐š’๐š ๐š†๐šŠ๐š•๐š•- 2๐š—
๐™ฒ๐šŠ๐š›๐š™๐šŽ๐š• - 2๐š—
๐š‚๐šŽ๐š™๐šŠ๐š• , ๐™ฟ๐šŽ๐š๐šŠ๐š• - 2๐š—
๐š‚๐š๐šŠ๐š–๐šŽ๐š— - 2๐š—
๐™ป๐šŽ๐šŠ๐š, ๐š๐š˜๐š˜๐š, ๐š‚๐š๐šŽ๐š– - 2๐š—


๐”พ๐•’๐•ž๐•–๐•ฅ๐• ๐•ก๐•™๐•ช๐•ฅ๐•–

๐™ผ๐š’๐šŒ๐š›๐š˜๐šœ๐š™๐š˜๐š›๐šŽ - ๐š—
๐šƒ๐šž๐š‹๐šŽ ๐šŒ๐šŽ๐š•๐š• , ๐™ถ๐šŽ๐š—๐šŽ๐š›๐šŠ๐š๐š’๐šŸ๐šŽ ๐™ฒ๐šŽ๐š•๐š• - ๐š—
๐™ผ๐šŠ๐š•๐šŽ / ๐™ต๐šŽ๐š–๐šŠ๐š•๐šŽ ๐™ถ๐šŠ๐š–๐šŽ๐š๐šŽ - ๐š—
๐™ผ๐šŽ๐š๐šŠ๐šœ๐š™๐š˜๐š›๐šŽ - ๐š—
๐™ด๐š–๐š‹๐š›๐šข๐š˜๐šœ๐šŠ๐šŒ - ๐š—
๐š‚๐šข๐š—๐šŽ๐š›๐š๐š’๐š - ๐š—
๐™ฐ๐š—๐š๐š’๐š™๐š˜๐š๐šŠ๐š• - ๐š—
๐™ด๐š๐š ๐™ฒ๐šŽ๐š•๐š• - ๐š—
2 ๐™ฟ๐š˜๐š•๐šŠ๐š› ๐™ฝ๐šž๐šŒ๐š•๐šŽ๐š’ - ๐š— & ๐š—
MNEMONICS ANIMAL KINGDOM --
๐Ÿ‘‡๐Ÿ‘‡๐Ÿ‘‡
๐Ÿ’ฅ Phylum Porifera

๐Ÿ‘‰Mnemonic: Sponges-
Pores All Your Sides.
Pore โ€“ Porifera
All โ€“ Spongilla
Your โ€“ Euspongia,
Sides โ€“ Sycon.
Examples: Spongilla, Euspongia, Sycon

๐Ÿ’ฅPHYLUM COELENTERATA (CNIDARIA):

๐Ÿ’ขExamples: Physalia, Obelia, Meandrina, Adamsia, Aurelia, Gorgonia, Pennatula, Hydra.

๐Ÿ‘‰ Mnemonic: Physics Objective exams MeinAdam Aur George Ne Pen Hide kiya.

Physics โ€“ Physalia
Objective โ€“ Obelia
Mein โ€“ Meandrina
Adam โ€“ Adamsia
Aur โ€“ Aurelia
George โ€“ Gorgonia
Ne โ€“ Cnidaria
Pen โ€“ Pennatula
Hide โ€“ Hydra.

๐Ÿ’ฅPHYLUM PLATYHELMINTHES:

๐Ÿ’ขExamples: Taenia, Planaria, Fasciola.

๐Ÿ‘‰Mnemonic: Teeno ki Planning Fail hui.

Teeno โ€“ Taenia
Planning โ€“ Planaria
Fail โ€“ Fasciola
09. The ____is the system of adjacent cell walls that is continuous throughout the plant, except at the casparian strips of the endodermis in the roots.
Anonymous Quiz
42%
(1) Apoplast
24%
(2) Symplast
17%
(3) Protoplasm
18%
(4) Plasmodesmata
10. Refer the given table and select the option that correctly fills the blanks in it.
Anonymous Quiz
23%
(1) A-No , B-Yes, C-No, D-No
41%
(2) A-Yes , B-Yes, C-No, D-No
27%
(3) A-Yes , B-No, C-No, D-No
9%
(4) A-No, B-Yes, C-Yes, D-Yes.
14. The cell A has an osmotic potential of -20 bars and a pressure potential of + 6 bars. What will be its water potential?
Anonymous Quiz
44%
(1) -14 bars
32%
(2) +14 bars
13%
(3) -20 bars
11%
(4) -26 bars.
Formulas Notes Of Mole Concepts

Important !!
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