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ICAR - AIEEA UG 2022 NOTIFICATION โœ…
๐Ÿ’‰๐Ÿฉธ ๐™๐™–๐™˜๐™ฉ๐™จ ๐™–๐™—๐™ค๐™ช๐™ฉ ๐˜ฝ๐™ก๐™ค๐™ค๐™™ ๐Ÿฉธ๐Ÿ’‰

๐Ÿฉธ1. More than 4.5 ๐™ข๐™ž๐™ก๐™ก๐™ž๐™ค๐™ฃ ๐™ฅ๐™–๐™ฉ๐™ž๐™š๐™ฃ๐™ฉ๐™จ need blood transfusions each year in the U.S. and Canada.

๐Ÿฉธ2. 43,000 pints: amount of donated blood used each day in the ๐™.๐™Ž and ๐˜พ๐™–๐™ฃ๐™–๐™™๐™–.

๐Ÿฉธ3. Someone needs blood every two seconds.

๐Ÿฉธ4. Only 37 percent of the U.S. population is eligible to donate blood โ€“ less than 10 percent do annually**.

๐Ÿฉธ5. About 1 in 7 people entering a ๐™๐™ค๐™จ๐™ฅ๐™ž๐™ฉ๐™–๐™ก need blood.

๐Ÿฉธ6. One pint of blood can save up to ๐™ฉ๐™๐™ง๐™š๐™š lives.

๐Ÿฉธ7. ๐™ƒ๐™š๐™–๐™ก๐™ฉ๐™๐™ฎ ๐™–๐™™๐™ช๐™ก๐™ฉ๐™จ who are at least 17 years old, and at least 110 pounds may donate about a pint of bloodโ€”the most common form of donationโ€”every 56 days, or every two months. ๐™๐™š๐™ข๐™–๐™ก๐™š๐™จ receive 53 percent of blood transfusions; males receive 47 percent.

๐Ÿฉธ8. 94 percent of blood donors are registered voters.

๐Ÿฉธ9. Four main ๐™ง๐™š๐™™ ๐™—๐™ก๐™ค๐™ค๐™™ ๐™˜๐™š๐™ก๐™ก ๐™ฉ๐™ฎ๐™ฅ๐™š๐™จ: A, B, AB and O.
Each can be ๐™ฅ๐™ค๐™จ๐™ž๐™ฉ๐™ž๐™ซ๐™š or ๐™ฃ๐™š๐™œ๐™–๐™ฉ๐™ž๐™ซ๐™š for the Rh factor.
AB is the ๐™ช๐™ฃ๐™ž๐™ซ๐™š๐™ง๐™จ๐™–๐™ก ๐™ง๐™š๐™˜๐™ž๐™ฅ๐™ž๐™š๐™ฃ๐™ฉ;
O negative is the universal ๐™™๐™ค๐™ฃ๐™ค๐™ง of red blood cells.

๐Ÿฉธ10. ๐˜ฟ๐™ง. ๐™†๐™–๐™ง๐™ก ๐™‡๐™–๐™ฃ๐™™๐™จ๐™ฉ๐™š๐™ž๐™ฃ๐™š๐™ง first identified the major human blood groups โ€“ A, B, AB and O โ€“ in 1901.

๐Ÿฉธ11. One unit of blood can be separated into several ๐™˜๐™ค๐™ข๐™ฅ๐™ค๐™ฃ๐™š๐™ฃ๐™ฉ๐™จ: red blood cells, plasma, platelets and cryoprecipitate.

๐Ÿฉธ12. Red blood cells carry ๐™ค๐™ญ๐™ฎ๐™œ๐™š๐™ฃ to the bodyโ€™s ๐™ค๐™ง๐™œ๐™–๐™ฃ๐™จ and๐™ฉ๐™ž๐™จ๐™จ๐™ช๐™šs.

๐Ÿฉธ13. Red blood cells live about 120 ๐™™๐™–๐™ฎ๐™จ in the circulatory system.

๐Ÿฉธ14. Platelets promote ๐™—๐™ก๐™ค๐™ค๐™™ ๐™˜๐™ก๐™ค๐™ฉ๐™ฉ๐™ž๐™ฃ๐™œ and give those with leukemia and other cancers a chance to live.

๐Ÿฉธ15. ๐™‹๐™ก๐™–๐™จ๐™ข๐™– is a pale yellow mixture of water, proteins and salts.

๐Ÿฉธ16. ๐™‹๐™ก๐™–๐™จ๐™ข๐™–, which is 90 percent water, makes up 55 percent of blood volume.

๐Ÿฉธ17. Healthy ๐™—๐™ค๐™ฃ๐™š ๐™ข๐™–๐™ง๐™ง๐™ค๐™ฌ makes a constant supply of red cells, plasma and platelets.

๐Ÿฉธ18. Blood or plasma that comes from people who have been paid for it cannot be used to ๐™๐™ช๐™ข๐™–๐™ฃ ๐™ฉ๐™ง๐™–๐™ฃ๐™จ๐™›๐™ช๐™จ๐™ž๐™ค๐™ฃ.

๐Ÿฉธ19. ๐™‚๐™ง๐™–๐™ฃ๐™ช๐™ก๐™ค๐™˜๐™ฎ๐™ฉ๐™š๐™จ, a type of white blood cell, roll along blood vessel walls in search of ๐™—๐™–๐™˜๐™ฉ๐™š๐™ง๐™ž๐™– to ๐™š๐™ฃ๐™œ๐™ช๐™ก๐™› and ๐™™๐™š๐™จ๐™ฉ๐™ง๐™ค๐™ฎ.

๐Ÿฉธ20. ๐™’๐™๐™ž๐™ฉ๐™š ๐™˜๐™š๐™ก๐™ก๐™จ are the bodyโ€™s primary ๐™™๐™š๐™›๐™š๐™ฃ๐™จ๐™š ๐™–๐™œ๐™–๐™ž๐™ฃ๐™จ๐™ฉ ๐™ž๐™ฃ๐™›๐™š๐™˜๐™ฉ๐™ž๐™ค๐™ฃ
Physics Wallah NEET 2023 Dropper Batch Yakeen 2.0

Enrollment Link

http://bit.ly/yakeen20
http://bit.ly/yakeen20
Important Scientists & their theories frm Molecular Basis

1) Fredrick Griffith (1928) - Transformation Principle

2)Avery,Mcleoid &Maclarty (1933-44) - Neither Protein Nor Rna its Dna

3)Harshy Chase(1952) - Bacteriophage exp

4)Maselson &Sthal -Semi cons model of rep(prokaryotes)

5)Taylor -Vicia Fabea Plant (Eukaryotes)

6)Willkins - X ray Crystallography

7)Rosen & Franklin -Helical st of Dna

8)Watson & Crick(1953) -Double helical Dna

9)Crick - Central Dogma

10)Benzer - Benzer Model of Dna (Cistron,Recon ,Muton)

11) Jacob & Monad (1961) - Lac Operon

12)Nirenberg & Khorana - cracking of genetic code

13)Nirenberg - Dicephering Of Codon

14)Hugo De Varies - Mutation Theory

15)Holley - Clover leaf Model

16)Gammow - Codon Is Triplet


Joinโค๏ธus for more
Various forms and function of essential nutrients-

Nitrogen- required by plants in greatest amount, it is absorbed by plants as NO2โ€“, NO3โ€“ and NH4+ . It is one of the major constituent of proteins, nucleic acids and vitamins.

Phosphorus- Absorbed by plants from soil in the form of phosphate ions. It is the constituent of cell membrane. All nucleic acids and nucleotides require phosphorus.

Potassium โ€“ absorbed as potassium ions (K+). Help to maintain cation-anion balance in cells. It is involved in protein synthesis, opening and closing of stomata.

Calcium โ€“ absorbed by plants from soil in form of Calcium ions (Ca2+). Used in synthesis of cell wall. It activates certain enzymes.

Magnesium- absorbed by plants in form of Mg2+ ions. It activates the enzymes for respiration, photosynthesis, and involved in synthesis of DNA and RNA. It is constituent of chlorophyll.

Sulphur- plants obtain sulphur in form of sulphate (SO42-). Present in amino acids (cysteine, methionine) and is main constituent of coenzymes and vitamins.

Iron- obtained in the form of ferric iron (Fe3+). It is important constituent of protein involved in transport system.

Manganese-absorbed in form of Mn2+ ions. Main function is splitting of water to liberate Hydrogen and Oxygen during photosynthesis.

Zinc-obtained as Zn2+ ions. Activate enzymes like carboxylases. Needed in formation of Auxin.

Copper โ€“absorbed as cupric ions(Cu2+). Involved in various metabolic activities and redox reactions.

Boron-absorbed as BO33- or B4O72- ions. Required for uptake of calcium, cell elongation and pollen germination.

Chlorine โ€“ it is absorbed in form of Clโ€“ ions. Determine the solute concentration and splitting of water during photosynthesis
Important Scientists & their theories frm Molecular Basis

1) Fredrick Griffith (1928) - Transformation Principle

2)Avery,Mcleoid &Maclarty (1933-44) - Neither Protein Nor Rna its Dna

3)Harshy Chase(1952) - Bacteriophage exp

4)Maselson &Sthal -Semi cons model of rep(prokaryotes)

5)Taylor -Vicia Fabea Plant (Eukaryotes)

6)Willkins - X ray Crystallography

7)Rosen & Franklin -Helical st of Dna

8)Watson & Crick(1953) -Double helical Dna

9)Crick - Central Dogma

10)Benzer - Benzer Model of Dna (Cistron,Recon ,Muton)

11) Jacob & Monad (1961) - Lac Operon

12)Nirenberg & Khorana - cracking of genetic code

13)Nirenberg - Dicephering Of Codon

14)Hugo De Varies - Mutation Theory

15)Holley - Clover leaf Model

16)Gammow - Codon Is Triplet


Joinโค๏ธus for more
๐ŸŒด CLASS 12 PHYSICS NCERT HIGHLIGHTS PDF ๐ŸŒด

โœ“ Electric Charges and Fields
โœ“ Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance.
โœ“ Current Electricity.
โœ“ Moving Charges and Magnetism.
โœ“ Magnetism and Matter.
โœ“ Electromagnetic Induction.
โœ“ Alternating Current.
โœ“ Electromagnetic Waves.
โœ“ Ray Optics and Optical Instruments
โœ“ Wave Optics
โœ“ Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter
โœ“ Atoms
โœ“ Nuclei
โœ“ Semiconductor Electronics

๐Ÿ”— CLASS 11 PHYSICS NCERT HIGHLIGHTS PDF ๐Ÿ”—
๐Ÿ“› CLASS 12 BIOLOGY NCERT HIGHLIGHTS PDF ๐Ÿ“›

๐Ÿต๏ธ UNIT VI
๐Ÿต๏ธ
โœ“ Reproduction in Organisms
โœ“ Sexual Reproduction In Flowering Plants
โœ“ Human Reproduction
โœ“ Reproductive Health

๐Ÿต๏ธ UNIT VII ๐Ÿต๏ธ
โœ“ Principles of Inheritance and Variations
โœ“
Molecular Basis of Inheritance
โœ“ Evolution

๐Ÿต๏ธ UNIT VIII ๐Ÿต๏ธ
โœ“ Human Health and Diseases
โœ“ Strategies for Entertainment in Food Production
โœ“ Microbes In Human Welfare

๐Ÿต๏ธ UNIT IX ๐Ÿต๏ธ
โœ“ Biotechnology: Principle and Processes
โœ“
Biotechnology and It's Applications

๐Ÿต๏ธ UNIT X ๐Ÿต๏ธ
โœ“ Organisms and Population
โœ“ Ecosystem
โœ“ Biodiversity and Conservation
โœ“ Environmental Issues

๐Ÿ”ป CLASS 11 BIOLOGY NCERT HIGHLIGHTS PDF ๐Ÿ”ป
06. Which of the following responsible for germination of seed?
Anonymous Quiz
11%
(1) Osmosis
44%
(2) Imbibition
8%
(3) Diffusion
37%
(4) All of these
๐Ÿ”ฐ Role of nutrients and their deficiency Symptoms ๐Ÿ”ฐ

#Nitrogen

โ–ช๏ธImpart green colour to plant encourages vegetative growth

โ–ช๏ธ Nitrogen is essential constituent of protein

โ–ช๏ธ Constituent of Protoplasm of chlorophyll and coenzyme.

โ–ช๏ธ Play important role in
synthesis of auxin

#Deficiency

โ–ช๏ธ Lower leaves become yellow and dries.

โ–ช๏ธV shaped chlorosis on older leaves or yellowing at tip.

#Disease

โ–ช๏ธStarvation disease due to nitrogen deficiency.

โ–ช๏ธButtoning in cauliflower.

#Phosphorous

โ–ช๏ธIncrease the disease resistance.

โ–ช๏ธ Enhance new cell formation and necessary for root development.

โ–ช๏ธRequired for grain formation and maturity of grains.

โ–ช๏ธPhosphorus is essential constituent for nucleic acid and phytin.

โ–ช๏ธMost essential functions are energy storage and transfer energy act as "energy currency".

#Deficiency

โ–ช๏ธDue to deficiency of single element the life cycle of plant can't be completed hence (Agricultureexamslibrary) Phosphorus is called " key of life "

โ–ช๏ธDeficiency imparts dark green colour in leaves.

โ–ช๏ธLater develops red purple colourration.

#Disease

โ–ช๏ธSickle leaf diseases.

#Potassium

โ–ช๏ธMost essential function of K+ is stomata regulation.

โ–ช๏ธProvides disease resistance in plants.

โ–ช๏ธCofactor for enzymes.

โ–ช๏ธFormation and translocation of Sugars.

โ–ช๏ธHelps in chlorophyll formation.

#Deficiency

โ–ช๏ธSpot of dead tissue at tips.

โ–ช๏ธScorching and burning on margins of autumn leaves.

#Disease

โ–ช๏ธRottle/ dieback disease.

#Calcium

โ–ช๏ธ It is constituent of cell wall

โ–ช๏ธ Calcium is a mobile in plants and deficiency symptoms appear on Meristem tip portion.

# Deficiency

โ–ช๏ธ Terminal bud die

#Disease

โ–ช๏ธTip hooking.

โ–ช๏ธ Blossom end rot of tomato(BER).

โ–ช๏ธPopping in groundnut.


#Magnesium

โ–ช๏ธ Essential constituent of chlorophyll.

โ–ช๏ธ Magnesium is a constituent of chlorophyll.

โ–ช๏ธChlorosis between veins.

#Disease

โ–ช๏ธSand -drown disease of tobacco.

#Sulphur

โ–ช๏ธ Sulphur oxidizing Bacteria is Thiobacillus.

โ–ช๏ธSulphur is essential for oil seed and pulses because it improves oil content and protein content in oil seeds and pulses, respectively.

#Disease

โ–ช๏ธAkiochi disease of rice due to Excess of hydrogen sulphide.

โ–ช๏ธTea yellow disease of tea.

#Iron

โ–ช๏ธFe is the component of nitrate reductase.

โ–ช๏ธRequired for nitrogen fixation.

โ–ช๏ธDuring respiration act as O2 carrier.

#Deficiency

โ–ช๏ธInterveinal complete chlorosis.

โ–ช๏ธScorching of leaf margin.

โ–ช๏ธYellowing of iron chlorosis in groundnut.

#Manganese

โ–ช๏ธFormation of chlorophyll.

โ–ช๏ธCo-factor of enzyme.

โ–ช๏ธMn toxicity causes crinckle leaf of cotton.

#Deficiency

โ–ช๏ธDead spot on leaves.

#Desease

โ–ช๏ธMarsh spot of pea.

โ–ช๏ธPahala blight of sugarcane.

#Copper


โ–ช๏ธCompound of plastocyanin.

โ–ชEssential for photosynthesis/ respiration.Agriexams library

โ–ช๏ธDieback and reclamation disease of cereals.

#Boron

โ–ช Necessary for Pollen germination.

โ–ช๏ธBoron is the only non-metal element among the micronutrient.

โ–ช๏ธIt is necessary for translocation of Sugars and is involved in reproduction and germination of pollen.

#Disease : due to deficiency

โ–ช๏ธBrowning of cauliflower is caused by Boron deficiency.

โ–ช๏ธTop sickness of tobacco.

โ–ช๏ธFruit cracking of tomato.

โ–ช๏ธHard fruit of citrus.

โ–ช๏ธHen and chick disease of grape.

#Zinc

โ–ช๏ธIn plants it is required for biosynthesis of hormones.

โ–ช๏ธZn deficiency causes-

-White bud of maize.
-Khaira disease of rice.
-Little leaf of cotton.
-Mottled leaf of citrus.
-Rosette formation.

#Cobalt

โ–ช๏ธIt is component of Vitamin B

โ–ช๏ธIt is essential for formation of type of hemoglobin in N-fixing nodule tissue known as leghaemogloin.

โ–ช๏ธAct as O2 carrier in roots.

โ–ช๏ธAlso known as animal protein factor.

#Molybdenum

โ–ช๏ธMo: absorbed as molybdate MoO4-2 forms.

โ–ช๏ธMo is important component of enzyme: Nitrate reductage.

โ–ช๏ธN-fixation in pulses.

โ–ช๏ธWhiptail of cauliflower is due to deficiency of Mo.

โ–ช๏ธMo is required for carrot & raphanus for sweetness.
08. The given figure shows transport of two molecules A and B through three different modes of facilitated diffusion.
Anonymous Quiz
43%
(1) I- Uniport, II-Symport, III- Antiport
35%
(2) I-Uniport, II-Antiport, III-symport
16%
(3) I-Antiport, II-Uniport, III-symport
7%
(4) I-Antiport, II-Symport, III-Uniport.
09. The ____is the system of adjacent cell walls that is continuous throughout the plant, except at the casparian strips of the endodermis in the roots.
Anonymous Quiz
52%
(1) Apoplast
22%
(2) Symplast
13%
(3) Protoplasm
13%
(4) Plasmodesmata
๐™‹๐™ก๐™ค๐™ž๐™™๐™ฎ ๐™ก๐™š๐™ซ๐™š๐™ก ๐™„๐™ฃ ๐˜ฟ๐™ž๐™›๐™›๐™š๐™ง๐™š๐™ฃ๐™ฉ ๐™‹๐™–๐™ง๐™ฉ๐™จ ๐™Š๐™› ๐™‹๐™ก๐™–๐™ฃ๐™ฉ

๐•Š๐•ก๐• ๐•ฃ๐• ๐•ก๐•™๐•ช๐•ฅ๐•–

๐š‰๐šข๐š๐š˜๐š๐šŽ - 2๐š—
๐™ด๐š–๐š‹๐š›๐šข๐š˜ - 2๐š—
๐š๐šŠ๐š๐š’๐šŒ๐š•๐šŽ - 2๐š—
๐™ฟ๐š•๐šž๐š–๐šž๐š•๐šŽ - 2๐š—
๐™ฒ๐š˜๐š๐šข๐š•๐šŽ๐š๐š˜๐š— - 2๐š—
๐™ฝ๐šž๐šŒ๐šŽ๐š•๐š•๐šž๐šœ - 2๐š—
๐™ธ๐š—๐š๐šŽ๐š๐šž๐š–๐šŽ๐š—๐š - 2๐š—
๐™ผ๐š’๐šŒ๐š›๐š˜๐š™๐šœ๐š™๐š˜๐š›๐šŽ ๐™ผ๐š˜๐š๐š‘๐šŽ๐š› ๐šŒ๐šŽ๐š•๐š• - 2๐š—
๐™ผ๐šŽ๐š๐šŠ๐šœ๐š™๐š˜๐š›๐šŽ ๐™ผ๐š˜๐š๐š‘๐šŽ๐š› ๐™ฒ๐šŽ๐š•๐š• - 2๐š—
๐™พ๐šŸ๐šŠ๐š›๐šข ๐š†๐šŠ๐š•๐š• , ๐™ต๐š›๐šž๐š’๐š ๐š†๐šŠ๐š•๐š•- 2๐š—
๐™ฒ๐šŠ๐š›๐š™๐šŽ๐š• - 2๐š—
๐š‚๐šŽ๐š™๐šŠ๐š• , ๐™ฟ๐šŽ๐š๐šŠ๐š• - 2๐š—
๐š‚๐š๐šŠ๐š–๐šŽ๐š— - 2๐š—
๐™ป๐šŽ๐šŠ๐š, ๐š๐š˜๐š˜๐š, ๐š‚๐š๐šŽ๐š– - 2๐š—


๐”พ๐•’๐•ž๐•–๐•ฅ๐• ๐•ก๐•™๐•ช๐•ฅ๐•–

๐™ผ๐š’๐šŒ๐š›๐š˜๐šœ๐š™๐š˜๐š›๐šŽ - ๐š—
๐šƒ๐šž๐š‹๐šŽ ๐šŒ๐šŽ๐š•๐š• , ๐™ถ๐šŽ๐š—๐šŽ๐š›๐šŠ๐š๐š’๐šŸ๐šŽ ๐™ฒ๐šŽ๐š•๐š• - ๐š—
๐™ผ๐šŠ๐š•๐šŽ / ๐™ต๐šŽ๐š–๐šŠ๐š•๐šŽ ๐™ถ๐šŠ๐š–๐šŽ๐š๐šŽ - ๐š—
๐™ผ๐šŽ๐š๐šŠ๐šœ๐š™๐š˜๐š›๐šŽ - ๐š—
๐™ด๐š–๐š‹๐š›๐šข๐š˜๐šœ๐šŠ๐šŒ - ๐š—
๐š‚๐šข๐š—๐šŽ๐š›๐š๐š’๐š - ๐š—
๐™ฐ๐š—๐š๐š’๐š™๐š˜๐š๐šŠ๐š• - ๐š—
๐™ด๐š๐š ๐™ฒ๐šŽ๐š•๐š• - ๐š—
2 ๐™ฟ๐š˜๐š•๐šŠ๐š› ๐™ฝ๐šž๐šŒ๐š•๐šŽ๐š’ - ๐š— & ๐š—
MNEMONICS ANIMAL KINGDOM --
๐Ÿ‘‡๐Ÿ‘‡๐Ÿ‘‡
๐Ÿ’ฅ Phylum Porifera

๐Ÿ‘‰Mnemonic: Sponges-
Pores All Your Sides.
Pore โ€“ Porifera
All โ€“ Spongilla
Your โ€“ Euspongia,
Sides โ€“ Sycon.
Examples: Spongilla, Euspongia, Sycon

๐Ÿ’ฅPHYLUM COELENTERATA (CNIDARIA):

๐Ÿ’ขExamples: Physalia, Obelia, Meandrina, Adamsia, Aurelia, Gorgonia, Pennatula, Hydra.

๐Ÿ‘‰ Mnemonic: Physics Objective exams MeinAdam Aur George Ne Pen Hide kiya.

Physics โ€“ Physalia
Objective โ€“ Obelia
Mein โ€“ Meandrina
Adam โ€“ Adamsia
Aur โ€“ Aurelia
George โ€“ Gorgonia
Ne โ€“ Cnidaria
Pen โ€“ Pennatula
Hide โ€“ Hydra.

๐Ÿ’ฅPHYLUM PLATYHELMINTHES:

๐Ÿ’ขExamples: Taenia, Planaria, Fasciola.

๐Ÿ‘‰Mnemonic: Teeno ki Planning Fail hui.

Teeno โ€“ Taenia
Planning โ€“ Planaria
Fail โ€“ Fasciola
09. The ____is the system of adjacent cell walls that is continuous throughout the plant, except at the casparian strips of the endodermis in the roots.
Anonymous Quiz
42%
(1) Apoplast
24%
(2) Symplast
17%
(3) Protoplasm
18%
(4) Plasmodesmata
10. Refer the given table and select the option that correctly fills the blanks in it.
Anonymous Quiz
23%
(1) A-No , B-Yes, C-No, D-No
41%
(2) A-Yes , B-Yes, C-No, D-No
27%
(3) A-Yes , B-No, C-No, D-No
9%
(4) A-No, B-Yes, C-Yes, D-Yes.
14. The cell A has an osmotic potential of -20 bars and a pressure potential of + 6 bars. What will be its water potential?
Anonymous Quiz
44%
(1) -14 bars
32%
(2) +14 bars
13%
(3) -20 bars
11%
(4) -26 bars.